Chinese herbs are a natural medicine used by Chinese medicine to treat, prevent and diagnose diseases. It contains botanical medicine, animal medicine, and mineral medicine.
In prehistoric times, humans survived by gathering food. In their process of gathering food, they learned about the nature of food. Chinese herbs are the products of this era.
Later, people exploited the land for planting wheat, potatoes, corn, and other food crops. With the change of environment, most of the plants and animals have been greatly affected, and some of them have even become extinct.
With the increase in population, people’s demand for Chinese herbs continues to increase. The output of some Chinese herbs that are not planted is decreasing.
The following 10 Chinese herbs are Chinese medicines with high nutritional value, strong medicinal effects, and high prices.
Ren Shen (Radix Ginseng)
Ren Shen is also known as Radix Ginseng and is the root of Panax ginseng. This plant is a perennial herb and is one of the oldest relic plants. The main production areas of Ren Shen are China, South Korea, North Korea, Japan, and Eastern Russia.
The word “Panax” comes from Greek, which means “to cure all diseases”. In China, Ren Shen is called the King of Herbs.
It contains a variety of saponins and polysaccharides, which can promote skin blood circulation, increase skin nutrition, prevent skin dehydration, hardening, and wrinkling. It is the main ingredient of many skincare and beauty products.
Clinically, Ren Shen is used for the first aid of critical illness, treatment of cardiovascular system diseases, diabetes, chronic hepatitis, Addison’s disease, and sexual dysfunction. In addition, it can increase appetite, promote gastric acid secretion, excite the nervous system, and treat neurasthenia.
Ren Shen can be made into tea, wine, decoctions, and medicated meals.
Ling Zhi (Lucid Ganoderma)
Ling Zhi is also known as Lucid Ganoderma and is the fruiting body of the fungus Ganoderma lucidum belonging to saprophyte. It is a very precious Chinese herbal medicine with a medicinal history of more than 2000 years.
This plant usually grows in mountain forests with high humidity and dim light. Its shape is umbrella-shaped, kidney-shaped, semi-circular and round.
According to <compendium of Materia Medica>, Ling Zhi can nourish the brain and kidney and has the effect of anti-inflammatory and diuretic and it tastes bitter.
Clinically, it is used to treat neurasthenia, hypercholesterolemia, chronic tracheitis, hypertension, coronary heart disease, angina pectoris, leukopenia, functional uterine bleeding, and myotonic dystrophy.
In addition, Ling Zhi can also treat spleen and stomach weakness, dysphoria, insomnia, and forgetfulness. It can be made into tea, wine, decoctions, and medicated meals.
Dong Chong Xia Cao (caterpillar fungus)
Dong Chong Xia Cao (caterpillar fungus) is a complex of ergot fungi parasitized on the carcass of larvae of bat moth. It is an extremely precious Chinese herb and can nourish the lung and kidney and has the effect of hemostasis, expectoration, cough, and asthma.
In Chinese medicine, Dong Chong Xia Cao is used to treat impotence, spermatorrhea, backache, infertility, and frequent urination caused by kidney-yang deficiency. It can also enhance hemopoietic function, improve cold tolerance, reduce fatigue and anti-tumor.
People with some diseases should not take it, such as prostate disease, rheumatoid arthritis, cold, cerebral hemorrhage. It cannot be eaten with radishes. Dong Chong Xia Cao can be made into tea, wine, decoctions, and medicated meals.
Ambergris (Long Xian Xiang)
Ambergris is also known as grey amber or Long Xian Xiang and is the intestinal secretion of sperm whales. It is a solid gray or black wax-like flammable substance, which can float on water and has an odor similar to isopropanol.
In some countries, it is used as a premium spice. Its price is almost equal to the price of gold.
Taking it in small doses will excite the central nervous system. Taking it in large doses will inhibit the central nervous system. It has the effect of enhancing heart function and lowering blood pressure.
In Chinese medicine, Ambergris is used to treat gonorrhea, irregular menstruation, postpartum lochia, heartache, abdominal pain and treat asthma, cough, and remove extravasated blood. It needs to be ground into a powder to take.
Tian Shan Xue Lian (Snow Lotus)
Tian Shan Xue Lian is a snow lotus that grows on the cliffs and crevices in the Tianshan Mountains. It is a very rare Chinese herb belonging to Uygur medicine.
It takes five years from germination to flowering. People pick their aerial parts and make them into Chinese herbal medicines.
Tian Shan Xue Lian contains a variety of beneficial ingredients for human body function, which can anti-fatigue and anti-aging.
Clinically, Tian Shan Xue Lian is used to treat rheumatism, rheumatoid arthritis, sexual decline, and women’s menstrual disorders, dysmenorrhea, and metrorrhagia. In addition, it can treat snow blindness, toothache, stomach ulcers, bronchitis, nosebleeds, and snake bites.
Pregnant women should not take it. It can be used as decoctions.
He Shou Wu (Fo-Ti or Fleeceflower Root)
He Shou Wu is also known as Fo-Ti or Fleeceflower Root and is the root tuber of Polygonum multiflorum. It has a medicinal history of more than 2000 years.
It has the function of anti-aging, anti-tumor, anti-atherosclerosis, lowering blood lipid and blood sugar.
In Chinese medicine, the unprocessed He Shou Wu is used to treat hemorrhoids, anal fistula, anorectal prolapse, and habitual constipation. The processed He Shou Wu can nourish blood and nourish essence, treat dizziness, palpitations, insomnia, and forgetfulness caused by blood deficiency.
The dosage of He Shou Wu should be strictly controlled. Pregnant women should not take it. It can’t be eaten with radishes. It can be used for tea and decoction.
Lu Rong (Velvet antler)
Lu Rong is also known as Velvet Antler or Deer Velvet and is a cartilaginous antler of deer. It is a valuable animal medicine with a history of more than 2,000 years. The surface of Lu Rong is covered with a furry velvet-like “skin” and is cylindrical.
According to <Compendium of Materia Medica>, the medicinal property of Lu Rong is relatively warm, with a sweet and salty taste and slightly fishy smell. It is used to treat impotence, premature ejaculation, nocturnal emission, prostate atrophy, and menopausal disorders in women.
In Chinese medicine, Lu Rong is mainly used to nourish the liver and kidneys, supplement essence and blood, and strengthen tendons and bones.
Lu Rong is used as a dietary supplement in many countries. It can be made into tea, wine, and medicated meals.
She Xiang (Moschus)
She Xiang is also known as Musk or Moschus and is a dry secretion in the sachets of mature male musk deer. Most of the She Xiang comes from Dwarf musk deer, Alpine musk deer or Siberian musk deer. Musk deer is an endangered species, so the output of natural She Xiang is very small.
Clinically, She Xiang is used to treat coronary heart disease, angina pectoris, vascular headache, chronic hepatitis, early liver cirrhosis, lumbar sprain, vitiligo, tumors, cerebral thrombosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and facial paralysis.
People with nephritis and children should not take it. It can be ground into powder for oral or external use. Generally, it is not used as a decoction.
Hai Ma (Seahorse)
Hai Ma (Seahorse) belongs to the sea dragon family and is a marine animal that spreads throughout the world’s oceans.
It contains proteins, fats, amino acids, acetylcholinesterase, cholinesterase and other ingredients, which can protect neurons, inhibit thrombosis, reduce blood viscosity, and improve microcirculation.
In Chinese medicine, Hai Ma is used to treat impotence, spermatorrhea, frequent urination, cough and asthma caused by kidney deficiency. In addition, it can promote the growth of testis, prostate, and uterus, improve memory and immunity.
People with high blood pressure or hypersexuality should not take it. Pregnant women should not take it. It can be made into wine and decoction.
Yan Wo (Cubilose)
Yan Wo (Cubilose) is a nest made by the mixture of saliva and feathers of the Aerodramus. It is a high-grade tonic for both medicine and food. Its main production areas are Southeast Asian countries and China.
It contains abundant sugar, organic acids, free amino acids, and sialic acid, which have effects on anti-bacteria, anti-inflammation, and anti-oxidant.
Clinically, Yan Wo is used to treat cough, asthma, palpitation, insomnia, frequent urination, and spermatorrhea caused by the deficiency of the body.
People with deficiency-cold in spleen and stomach should not take it. It can be made into decoctions and medicated meals.