Jing Da Ji (Radix Euphorbiae Pekinensis)

Jing Da Ji (Radix Euphorbiae Pekinensis)

Jing Da Ji commonly known as Radix Euphorbiae Pekinensis is the root of Euphorbia pekinensis, which is a perennial herb belonging to the family Euphorbiaceae. It is a commonly used laxative, which first appeared in <Shennong Ben Cao Jing> in the late Western Han Dynasty (about 100 BC). This plant likes a warm and humid …

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Gan Sui (Radix Kansui or Kansui Root)

Gan Sui (Radix Kansui or Kansui Root)

Gan Sui also known as Radix Kansui or Kansui Root is the tuberous root of Euphorbia kansui, which is a perennial herb belonging to the family Euphorbiaceae. It is a well-known traditional Chinese medicine with a medicinal history of over 2,000 years. This plant often grows on low mountain slopes, barren slopes, sandy land, fields, …

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Pine Nut (Pinoli, Song Zi Ren, or Semen Pini Koraiensis)

Pine Nut (Pinoli, Song Zi Ren, or Semen Pini Koraiensis)

Pine Nut is also called Piñón, Pinoli, Song Zi Ren, or Semen Pini Koraiensis and is the mature seed of Pinus koraiensis, which is an evergreen tree belonging to the family Pinaceae. It is a common leisure snack, which initially appeared in <Kaibao Bencao> (Materia Medica of the Kaibao Period) around 974 AD. Pinus koraiensis …

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Yu Li Ren (Semen Pruni or Bush Cherry Pit)

Yu Li Ren (Semen Pruni or Bush Cherry Pit)

Yu Li Ren commonly known as Semen Pruni or Bush Cherry Pit is the mature seed of Prunus humilis, Prunus japonica, or Prunus pedunculata, which is a deciduous shrub belonging to the family Rosaceae. It is a commonly used laxative, which first appeared in <Shennong Ben Cao Jing> in the late Western Han Dynasty (about …

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Huo Ma Ren (Semen Cannabis, Fructus Cannabis, or Hemp Seeds)

Huo Ma Ren (Semen Cannabis, Fructus Cannabis, or Hemp Seeds)

Huo Ma Ren also known as Semen Cannabis, Fructus Cannabis, or Hemp Seeds is the mature seed of Cannabis sativa, which is an annual herb belonging to the family Moraceae. It is a relatively practical and common Chinese herbal medicine, which first appeared in <Shennong Ben Cao Jing> in the late Western Han Dynasty (about …

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Lu Hui (Aloe)

Lu Hui (Aloe)

Lu Hui is the concentrated leaf juice of Aloe vera or Aloe ferox, which is an evergreen perennial herb belonging to the family Liliaceae. It is a relatively practical and common Chinese herbal medicine, which first appeared in <Yaoxing Lun> (Discourse on the Properties of Pharmaceutical Substances) in the 7th century. There are about 300 …

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Fan Xie Ye (Folium Sennae or Senna Leaf)

Fan Xie Ye (Folium Sennae or Senna Leaf)

Fan Xie Ye commonly known as Folium Sennae or Senna Leaf is the leaf of Cassia angustifolia or Cassia acutifolia, which is a dwarf shrub belonging to the family Leguminosae. It is a medication used to treat constipation and empty the large intestine before surgery, which first appeared in <Yin Pian Xin Can> (New Reference …

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Mang Xiao (Natrii Sulfas, Glauber's salt, or Mirabilite)

Mang Xiao (Natrii Sulfas, Glauber’s salt, or Mirabilite)

Mang Xiao is also known as Natrii Sulfas, Glauber’s salt, or Mirabilite and is a hydrous sodium sulfate mineral. It is a natural laxative and belongs to mineral medicines, which first appeared in <Shennong Ben Cao Jing> in the late Western Han Dynasty (about 100 BC). This kind of ore is mostly produced in coastal …

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Da Huang (Radix et Rhizoma Rhei)

Da Huang (Radix et Rhizoma Rhei)

Da Huang commonly known as Radix et Rhizoma Rhei is the root and rhizome of Rheum palmatum, Rheum tanguticum, or Rheum officinale, which is a perennial herb belonging to the family Polygonaceae. It is a relatively practical and common Chinese herbal medicine, which first appeared in <Shennong Ben Cao Jing> in the late Western Han …

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Hu Huang Lian (Rhizoma Picrorhizae)

Hu Huang Lian (Rhizoma Picrorhizae)

Hu Huang Lian commonly known as Rhizoma Picrorhizae is the rhizome of Picrorhiza scrophulariiflora, which is a perennial herb belonging to the family Scrophulariaceae. It is a relatively practical Chinese herbal medicine, which first appeared in in 659 AD. There are two species of Pistacia, namely Picrorhiza kurroa and Picrorhiza scrophulariiflora. Before 1963, Hu Huang …

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