Euphorbia Humifusa (Di Jin Cao)

What Is Euphorbia Humifusa (Di Jin Cao)

Euphorbia Humifusa is commonly known as Di Jin Cao, which is an annual herb belonging to the family Euphorbiaceae. It first appeared in <Jia You Ben Cao> (materia medica of Jia you reign) around 1,057-1,060 AD. This plant is widely distributed in temperate regions of Eurasia. It likes a warm and humid environment and often … Read More

Ya Dan Zi (Fructus Bruceae)

What Is Ya Dan Zi (Fructus Bruceae)

Ya Dan Zi also known as Fructus Bruceae is the mature fruit of Brucea javanica, which is a short-lived shrub or small tree belonging to the family Simarubaceae. It first appeared in <Ben Cao Gang Mu Shi Yi> (a supplement to the compendium of materia medica) in the 30th year of Qianlong in the Qing … Read More

Purslane (Ma Chi Xian or Portulaca Oleracea)

What Is Purslane (Ma Chi Xian or Portulaca Oleracea)

Purslane is commonly known as Ma Chi Xian, Little hogweed, or Portulaca Oleracea, which is an annual succulent herb belonging to the family Portulacaceae. It is an edible green vegetable, which first appeared in (a collection of commentaries on the classic of materia medica) around 480-498 AD. This plant is a common weed and often … Read More

Bai Tou Weng (Radix Pulsatillae)

What Is Bai Tou Weng (Radix Pulsatillae)

Bai Tou Weng also known as Radix Pulsatillae is the root of Pulsatilla chinensis, which is a perennial herb belonging to the family Ranunculaceae. It is a relatively practical and common Chinese herbal medicine with a medicinal history of over 2,000 years. Pulsatilla chinensis is commonly known as Anemone chinensis and is an ornamental plant. … Read More

Mu Hu Die (Semen Oroxyli)

What Is Mu Hu Die (Semen Oroxyli)

Mu Hu Die also known as Semen Oroxyli is the mature seed of Oroxylum indicum, which is a deciduous tree belonging to the family Bignoniaceae. It first appeared in <Ben Cao Gang Mu Shi Yi> (a supplement to the compendium of materia medica) in the 30th year of Qianlong in the Qing Dynasty (1,765 AD). … Read More

Jin Guo Lan (Radix Tinosporae)

What Is Jin Guo Lan (Radix Tinosporae)

Jin Guo Lan commonly known as Radix Tinosporae is the tuber of Tinospora sagittata or Tinospora capillipes, which is a perennial evergreen twining shrub belonging to the family Menispermaceae. It first appeared in <Ben Cao Gang Mu Shi Yi> (a supplement to the compendium of materia medica) in the 30th year of Qianlong in the … Read More

Physalis Calyx seu Fructus (Jin Deng Long)

What Is Physalis Calyx seu Fructus (Jin Deng Long)

Physalis Calyx seu Fructus commonly known as Jin Deng Long is the calyx and fruit of Physalis alkekengi, which is a perennial erect herb belonging to the family Solanaceae. It can be used as a food and dietary supplement with a medicinal history of more than 2,300 years. Physalis alkekengi is commonly known as bladder … Read More

Chinese White Olive (Qing Guo)

What Is Chinese White Olive (Qing Guo)

Chinese White Olive is also known as Qing Guo or Fructus Canarii and is the ripe fruit of Canarium album, which is an evergreen tree belonging to the family Burseraceae. It is a relatively practical Chinese herbal medicine, which first appeared in Ri Hua Zi Zhu Jia Ben Cao (Ri Hua-Zi’s Collected Materia Medica) in … Read More

Ma Bo (Puffball)

What is Ma Bo (Puffball)

Ma Bo is commonly known as Puffball and is one of the notable medicinal fungi from of old. It first appeared in <Mingyi Bie Lu> around 420-589 AD. There are 158 species of Puffballs in the world, most of which belong to the family Marburaceae, and the rest belong to the family Geostatidae. They are … Read More

Shan Dou Gen (Guang Dou Gen or Radix Sophorae Tonkinensis)

What Is Shan Dou Gen (Guang Dou Gen or Radix Sophorae Tonkinensis)

Shan Dou Gen also known as Guang Dou Gen or Radix Sophorae Tonkinensis is the root and rhizome of Sophora tonkinensis, which is a small shrub of the family Leguminosae. It initially appeared in <Kaibao Bencao> (Materia Medica of the Kaibao Period) around 974 AD. Sophora tonkinensis is also known as Sophora subprostrata. It often … Read More