Chuan Xin Lian is also known as Green Chiretta or Andrographis Paniculata, which is an annual herb belonging to the family Acanthaceae. It is commonly used in Chinese herbal medicine and Ayurvedic medicine with a medicinal history of over 5000 years.
This plant is native to India and Sri Lanka and is now widely distributed in South and Southeast Asia. Indians use it to treat diabetes, dysentery, hepatitis, skin infections, and snake bites. Thai people use it to treat common colds and non-infectious diarrhea.
In the early autumn of each year, people gather the above-ground part of Andrographis paniculata, wash them with water, remove their impurities, cut them into segments, dry them in the sun, and make them into Chinese herbs.
Chuan Xin Lian contains andrographolide, andrographoside, isoandrographolide, deoxygenated andrographolide, deoxygenated andrographoside, dehydrated andrographolide, dehydrated andrographoside, flavonoids, phenylpropanoids, iridoids, alkaloids, sterols, phenolic glycosides, organic acids, triterpenes, and proteins.
According to <Ling nan cai yao lu> (Records of Medicinal Harvest in Lingnan), the medicinal property of Chuan Xin Lian is relatively cold, with a bitter taste. It has a certain therapeutic effect on the pathological changes of heart, lung, large intestine and bladder meridians.
In Chinese medicine, Chuan Xin Lian is often used for clear heat and remove toxin, dry dampness, cool blood and alleviate swelling, treat respiratory infections, acute bacterial dysentery, gastroenteritis, leptospirosis, pneumonia, pertussis, tuberculosis, otitis media, pelvic inflammation, thromboangiitis obliterans, acute pyelonephritis, infectious conjunctivitis, acute icteric hepatitis, neurodermatitis, eczema, burns and snake bites.
About 50 kinds of traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions contain Chuan Xin Lian, such as Chuan Xin Lian Kang Yan Pian, Fuke Qianjin capsule, and Chuan Xin Lian Pian.
Health benefits of Chuan Xin Lian (Andrographis Paniculata)
- Anti-inflammation, anti-oxidation, and anti-tumor.
- Enhancing the phagocytic ability of leukocytes to bacteria and lowering blood sugar.
- Promoting bile secretion, terminating a pregnancy, and having an antipyretic effect.
- Inhibiting platelet aggregation and preventing atherosclerosis and thrombosis.
- Preventing liver damage caused by HCH.
- Inhibiting the synthesis of angiotensin II and endothelin in plasma, increasing the activity of lactate dehydrogenase in myocardial tissue, the synthesis of plasma atrial natriuretic peptide and serum NO, and inhibiting myocardial hypertrophy and heart failure.
- Treating fever and headache caused by wind-heat or warm diseases.
- Clearing lung heat and treating cough caused by lung heat.
- Eliminating phlegm and relieving sore throat and lung carbuncle.
- Clearing damp-heat in the stomach and intestine, treating abdominal pain, diarrhea, and hemorrhagic dysentery.
- Clearing damp-heat in the bladder and relieving difficult and painful urination.
- Drying dampness and relieving eczema, jaundice, and leukorrheal diseases caused by damp-heat.
- Treating snake bites, carbuncles, and sores caused by heat toxins.
- Inhibiting Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus, Dicoccus pneumoniae, Streptococcus haemolyticus, Dysentery bacillus, Typhobacter typhi, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Aspergillus niger, and Penicillium.
Chuan Xin Lian is used with other Chinese herbs
- It with Jin Yin Hua (Flos Lonicerae), Lian Qiao (Fructus Forsythiae), and Bo He (Mentha) can treat fever and headache caused by wind-heat or warm diseases.
- It with Huang Qin (Radix Scutellariae), Sang Bai Pi (Cortex Mori), and Di Gu Pi (Cortex Lycii) can treat cough caused by lung heat.
- It with Xuan Shen (Radix Scrophulariae), Niu Bang Zi (Fructus Arctii), and Ban Lan Gen (Radix Isatidis) can relieve a sore throat.
- It with Ku Shen (Radix Sophorae Flavescentis) and Mu Xiang (Radix Aucklandiae) can treat difficult and painful urination caused by damp-heat in the bladder.
- It with Che Qian Zi (Semen Plantaginis), Bai Mao Cen (Rhizoma Imperatae), and Huang Bai (Cortex Phellodendri) can alleviate itching and treat eczema.
Side effects of Chuan Xin Lian
Taking it in large doses may cause gastrointestinal discomfort, nausea, vomiting, and decreased appetite.
Individual patients taking it may cause blurred vision, drowsiness, numbness of hands and feet, increased heart rate, and palpitations.
Its injection may cause drug eruptions, upper abdominal pain, and anaphylactic shock. In severe cases, it may cause death.
Precautions of Chuan Xin Lian
- The dosage of Chuan Xin Lian should be controlled at 6-9g.
- Its decoction is easy to induce vomiting, so it is often made into powder and pills.
- Its powder can be used externally.
- Patients with stomach and duodenal ulcers should not take it.
- People with deficiency-cold in spleen and stomach should not take it.
- Pregnant women and children should not take it.