Euphorbia Humifusa (Di Jin Cao)

Euphorbia Humifusa is commonly known as Di Jin Cao, which is an annual herb belonging to the family Euphorbiaceae. It first appeared in <Jia You Ben Cao> (materia medica of Jia you reign) around 1,057-1,060 AD.

This plant is widely distributed in temperate regions of Eurasia. It likes a warm and humid environment and often grows in fields, wastelands, dunes, hillsides, or roadsides.

Euphorbia maculata is also known as Di Jin Cao in China, which is native to North America. According to <medicinal plant annals of Tianmu Mountain>, the efficacy of Euphorbia maculata is similar to that of Euphorbia humifusa, so they are often used interchangeably. In 2005, Euphorbia maculata was included in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia.

Every summer and autumn, people gather Euphorbia Humifusa, remove their impurities, wash them with water, cut them into sections, dry them in the sun, and make them into Chinese herbs.

Euphorbia Humifusa contains quercetin, kaempferol, luteolin, rutin, isoquercitrin, lupeol, β-sitosterol, brevifolin, brervifolincaboxylic acid, methyl brevifolincarboxylate, gallogen, palmitic acid, gallic acid, methyl gallate, scopoletin, umbelliferone, ayapin, mesoinositol, alkaloids, and vitamins.

According to <Compendium of Materia Medica>, the medicinal property of Euphorbia Humifusa is relatively mild, with a pungent taste. It has a certain therapeutic effect on the pathological changes of the liver and large intestine meridians.

In traditional Chinese medicine, Euphorbia Humifusa is often used to clear heat and remove toxin, cool blood and stop bleeding, treat bacillary dysentery, enteritis, chyluria, acute bronchitis, hookworm infectious dermatitis, chronic colitis, hemorrhoid bleeding, uterine bleeding, traumatic bleeding, jaundice, and snake bites. It is an important component of Changyanning tablets.

Health benefits of Euphorbia Humifusa

  • Anti-inflammation, anti-virus, and anti-tumor.
  • Lowering blood sugar, triglycerides, cholesterol, and having an analgesic effect.
  • Increasing the weight of immune organs, enhancing the phagocytic ability of macrophages, and improving immunity.
  • Reducing the damage of CCL4 to liver tissue and protecting the liver.
  • Increasing the number of platelets, promoting platelet aggregation, and stopping bleeding.
  • Improving the activity of superoxide dismutase, reducing the level of malondialdehyde, and delaying aging.
  • Clearing heat, treating diarrhea, bloody dysentery, bloody purulent stool caused by damp-heat or heat toxins.
  • Cooling blood, treating tooth bleeding, uterine bleeding, and hemorrhoid bleeding caused by blood heat.
  • Promoting urination, relieving difficult and painful urination, and treating hematuria.
  • Draining dampness and treating jaundice caused by damp-heat.
  • Removing heat toxins, relieving skin swelling and pain, and treating sores and carbuncles caused by heat toxins.
  • Inhibiting Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus hemolyticus, Diphtheria bacillus, Escherichia coli, Typhoid bacillus, Dysentery Bacillus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Pasteurella, and Salmonella.

Euphorbia Humifusa is used with other Chinese herbs

  • It with Ma Chi Xian (Purslane) and Di Yu (Radix Sanguisorbae) can treat bloody dysentery and bloody purulent stool.
  • It with Bai Mao Cen (Rhizoma Imperatae) and Xiao Ji (Cirsium Setosum) can treat hematuria and relieve difficult and painful urination.
  • It with Yin Chen (Capillary Wormwood), Zhi Zi (Fructus Gardeniae), and Huang Bai (Cortex Phellodendri) can treat dysuria, and jaundice caused by damp-heat.
  • It with Tie Xian Cai (Acalypha australis) and Hai Jin Sha (Spora Lygodii) can treat acute diarrhea in infants and young children.
  • It with Ge Gen (Kudzu Root), Huang Lian (Rhizoma Coptidis), Mu Xiang (Radix Aucklandiae), Dang Shen (Radix Codonopsis), and Bai Zhu (Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae) can treat chronic colitis.

Side effects of Euphorbia Humifusa

Euphorbia Humifusa has been used clinically for many years, with few side effects.

A small proportion of patients taking it may cause allergic reactions such as itching and rash.

Precautions of Euphorbia Humifusa

The dosage of Euphorbia Humifusa should be controlled at 9-20g.
When using fresh Euphorbia Humifusa, the dosage should be controlled at 30-60g.
It can be made into decoction, pills, or mashed for external use.
People with weakness of spleen and stomach should not take it.
People with blood deficiency should not take it.
Pregnant women and children should not take it.