Hu Po (Succinum, Amber)

Hu Po is also known as Succinum or Amber and is the resinous fossil of conifers. It took tens of millions of years for pine resin to form this kind of fossil under the high pressure and high heat of the earth’s rock strata.

It is mainly distributed in the sediments of sandstone and coal seam in Cretaceous and tertiary and in rivers. Its main origins are Myanmar, Dominican Republic, China, Mexico and the countries along the Baltic Sea.

On the beaches of some coastal countries, people may find yellow amber and gray amber. Grey amber is ambergris, which is not real amber and it can float on the water. They are very precious substances.

On March 6, 2016, scientists discovered the world’s oldest amber ore, which is about 99 million years old.

Hu Po has a high collection value, ornamental value and medicinal value. Since prehistoric times, It has been used in the manufacture of jewelry, as well as in folk medicine. It is a traditional ornament worn by nobles of various countries and is religious objects. It represents noble, classical, and implicit beauty.

In the early days, Hu Po was made into objects such as baby pacifiers, spoons, and cigarette holders. Now, it has been used in medicines and cosmetics.

Hu Po is transparent or translucent. Its color is commonly in yellow and some is red, green, or extremely rare blue. Its surface and interior often retain the texture that is produced when the resin flowed. Its interior contains air bubbles, ancient insect, animal or plant debris.

Its main components are resin, volatile oil, succinic oxygen rosin acid, succinic rosin acid, succinic silver rosin acid, succinic fatty alcohol, succinic rosin alcohol, succinic rosin alcohol.

Hippocrates, the father of medicine in ancient Greek, is the first person to record the medicinal value of Hu Po.

The ancient Egyptians believed that Hu Po could prevent bacterial infection of the remains. The ancient Greeks believed that wearing Hu Po could relieve rheumatism and arthritis.

According to <Compendium of Materia Medica>, the medicinal property of Hu Po is relatively mild, with a sweet taste. It has a certain therapeutic effect on the pathological changes of the heart, liver and bladder meridians.

In Chinese medicine, Hu Po is used to treat coronary heart disease, arrhythmia, sleepwalking, neurasthenia, epilepsy, acute urinary tract infection, ectopic pregnancy, urinary stones, and prostatitis.

There are about 50 kinds of traditional Chinese medicine formulas containing Hu Po, such as Hu Po Yang Xin Dan, Hu Po Hua Shi Pian, and Ma Ying Long Hemorrhoids Ointment.

Health benefits of Hu Po (Amber)

  • Treating children with convulsions, epilepsy, and neurasthenia.
  • Treating postpartum blood stasis, postpartum abdominal pain, hematoma of the labia, and hematoma of the scrotum.
  • Treating amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, and irregular menstruation caused by blood stasis, and promoting blood circulation.
  • Treating coronary heart disease, arrhythmia, insomnia, and sleepwalking.
  • Treating acute urinary tract infection, chronic pelvic inflammatory disease, and ectopic pregnancy.
  • Treating strangury, frequent urination, painful urination, uroschesis, and prostatitis.
  • External use of Hu Po powder can relieve muscle ache and treat traumatic congestion syndrome.
  • The succinic acid contained in amber can neutralize alcohol and alleviate the adverse reactions caused by excessive drinking.
  • According to the research finding, the succinic acid can slow down the aging of human cells and inhibit the synthesis of nucleic acid in tumor cells.

Hu Po is used with other Chinese herbs

  • Hu Po with San Qi (Panax notoginseng) can treat chest arthralgia and heartache.
  • Hu Po with Dang Gui (Angelicae Sinensis) can treat dysmenorrhea caused by blood stasis and qi stagnation.
  • Hu Po with Tian Zhu Huang (Bamboo sugar) and Dan Nan Xing (Arisaema Cum Bile) can treat convulsion in children.
  • Hu Po with Shi Chang Pu (Rhizoma Acori Tatarinowii) and Yuan Zhi (Radix Polygalae) can treat dysphoria, palpitation, insomnia, and amnesia.
  • Hu Po with Black Soybean, Hu Tao Ren (Walnut Nut), Ji Nei Jin (Endothelium Corneum Gigeriae Galli), and Che Qian Zi (Semen Plantaginis) can nourish liver and kidney, and treat kidney stones.

Side effects of Hu Po

Hu Po has few side effects. Excessive use of it may cause adverse reactions to the digestive system, such as nausea, vomiting, and stomach upset.

Precautions of Hu Po

  • The dosage of Hu Po should be controlled at 1-3g.
  • It should be ground into a powder for oral or topical use, and it should not be used as a decoction.
  • Pregnant women and infants should not take it.
  • People with Yin deficiency should not take it.