Man Jing Zi is also known as Vitex Fruit or Fructus Viticis and is the mature fruit of Vitex trifolia or Vitex rotundifolia. It has a medicinal history of more than 2000 years.
Vitex trifolia and Vitex rotundifolia are deciduous shrubs, which belong to the Verbenaceae family. They generally grow in the mountain roadside or forest in Asia and Oceania with an altitude of 300-1700 meters. They have the functions of windbreak and sand fixation, so they are often planted on sand and wasteland.
In the summer and autumn of each year, people gather their ripe fruits, remove their impurities, dry them in the sun, and make them into Chinese herbs. The best Man Jing Zi is full and fragrant.
According to <Shennong Ben Cao Jing>, the medicinal property of Man Jing Zi is slightly cold, with a pungent and bitter taste. It has certain therapeutic effects on the pathological changes of the liver, stomach and bladder meridians.
In Chinese medicine, Man Jing Zi is often used to treat wind-heat, influenza, neurological headache, hypertension headache, and gingivitis.
There are about 50 traditional Chinese medicine formulas containing Man Jing Zi, such as Qiang Huo Sheng Shi Tang, Huang Lian Shang Qing Wan, and Wu Zi Yan Zong Wan.
Health benefits of Man Jing Zi
- Antibacterial, antifungal, and anti-inflammatory effects.
- Sedative, antiasthmatic, and expectorant effects.
- Speeding up blood flow and improving blood circulation.
- Inhibiting the formation of melanin and whitening the skin.
- Lowering blood pressure and relieving headaches caused by high blood pressure.
- Reducing capillary permeability and preventing capillary rupture and bleeding.
- Relieving pain in the middle of the head, migraine, toothache, eye pain.
- Relieving rheumatoid arthritis, joint pain, muscle cramps.
- Treating tinnitus and deafness caused by a deficiency of qi in middle-jiao.
- Treating dizziness, headache, swelling and pain of gums, and redness and tears of eyes caused by wind-heat.
- Treating influenza, neurological headache, gingivitis, and allergic rhinitis.
Man Jing Zi is used with other Chinese herbs
- It with Jue Ming Zi (Cassia Seed) can refresh the head and eyes and improve vision.
- It with Ju Hua (Chrysanthemum), Fang Feng (Radix Saposhnikoviae), and Chuan Xiong (Rhizoma Chuanxiong) can treat dizziness and headache caused by wind-heat.
- It with Chuan Xiong (Rhizoma Chuanxiong), Gao Ben (Rhizoma Ligustici), Zhi Gan Cao (Radix Glycyrrhizae Preparata), Fang Feng (Radix Saposhnikoviae), Qiang Huo (Notopterygium Root), and Du Huo (Radix Angelicae Pubescentis) can relieve headache, joint pain, and rheumatoid arthritis.
- It with Ge Gen (Kudzu Root), Huang Qi (Astragalus Root), Ren Shen (Radix Ginseng), Bai Shao (White Peony Root), Huang Bai (Cortex Phellodendri), Sheng Ma (Rhizoma Cimicifugae), and Zhi Gan Cao (Radix Glycyrrhizae Preparata) can treat cataracts, tinnitus, and deafness.
Side effects of Man Jing Zi
Man Jing Zi has been used clinically for many years, with almost no side effects.
A small number of people taking it may cause allergic reactions such as urticaria, itching of the skin.
Precautions of Man Jing Zi
- The dosage of Man Jing Zi should be controlled at 6-12g.
- It can be made into decoctions, pills, or medicinal liquor.
- It should not be used to treat headaches caused by blood deficiency.
- Pregnant and breastfeeding women should not take it.
- People with gastric asthenia should not take it.