Tamarix Chinensis is also known as Xi He Liu, Five-stamen Tamarisk, Chinese Tamarisk, or Saltcedar, which is a perennial herb belonging to Tamaricaceae. It has high medicinal and ornamental value.
This plant is originated in China. It often grows in alluvial plains of rivers and beaches and now can be found in Korea, Japan, and the United States.
Tamarix Chinensis is very ornamental, so it is planted in some botanical gardens and parks. Its twigs can be woven into baskets, fences, and handles for farm implements.
Tamarix Chinensis has strong environmental adaptability, so it is often used for wind protection and greening. Planting it in the desert and saline-alkali soil can improve the environment there.
From May to June of each year, people pick their twigs and tender leaves, remove their impurities, cut them, dry them in the sun, and make them into Chinese herbal medicine.
The branches and leaves of Tamarix Chinensis contain volatile oil, rutin, quercetin, organic acid, resin, and carotene.
According to <Ben Cao Jing Shu>, the medicinal property of Tamarix Chinensis is relatively mild, with a sweet and salty taste. It has certain therapeutic effects on the pathological changes of the lung, stomach and heart meridians.
In Chinese medicine, Tamarix Chinensis is often used to treat wind-heat, rheumatic joint pain, dysuria, itching of the skin, chronic bronchitis, and inducing eruptions.
Health benefits of Tamarix Chinensis
- Relieving cough and asthma, eliminating phlegm, and treating chronic tracheitis.
- Relieving chest tightness, treat chronic splenomegaly, and preventing qi and blood stagnation form a lump in the abdomen.
- Inducing eruptions, relieving itching, boredom, and anxiety caused by a skin rash, and treating rash toxic invagination.
- Dispelling wind and dampness, treating rheumatoid arthritis, relieving rheumatic bone pain and rheumatic joint pain.
- Treating aversion to cold, fever, and headache caused by wind-heat.
- Treating acute hepatitis caused by CCL4 and reducing the damage of CCL4 to liver tissue.
- Inhibiting streptococcus pneumoniae, streptococcus A, staphylococcus albus, Staphylococcus aureus, and influenza bacilli.
- The study found that Tamarix Chinensis has a diuretic effect.
Tamarix Chinensis is used with other Chinese herbs
- It with Sang Ye (Mulberry Leaf) and Sheng Jiang (Fresh Ginger) can treat influenza.
- It with Dang Gui (Radix Angelicae Sinensis), Fang Feng (Radix Saposhnikoviae), and Gan Cao (Licorice Root) can relieve skin itching.
- It with Dang Gui (Radix Angelicae Sinensis) and Chi Shao (Radix Paeoniae Rubra) can treat rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatic arthritis.
- It with Bo He (Mentha), Jing Jie (Schizonepeta tenuifolia) and Cang Er Zi (Fructus Xanthii) can promote eruptions and treat acute fever.
- It with Jing Jie (Schizonepeta tenuifolia), Sheng Ma (Rhizoma Cimicifugae), and Niu Bang Zi (Fructus Arctii) can treat wind-cold.
Side effects of Tamarix Chinensis
A small number of people taking it may cause dry mouth, dizziness, upper abdominal discomfort, nausea, vomiting, and frequent defecation.
Excessive use of it may cause sweating, vasodilation, reddening of the skin, decreased blood pressure, dyspnea, and limb cramps.
Precautions of Tamarix Chinensis
- The dosage of Tamarix Chinensis should be controlled at 3-10g.
- It can be made into a decoction or ground into powder for external use.
- Its decoction can also be used to fumigate and wash the affected part.
- People who are experiencing skin rash should not take it.
- Pregnant women should not take it.
- People with weakness or hyperhidrosis should not take it.