Ye Ju Hua also known as Wild Chrysanthemum Flower or Flos Chrysanthemi Indici is the flower head of Chrysanthemum indicum, which is a perennial herb belonging to the family Asteraceae. It can be used as medicine and food with a medicinal history of more than 500 years.
This plant is hardy and likes a humid climate. It often grows on hillsides, grasslands, shrubs, riversides, fields or roadsides. It can be found in many countries in Asia.
In the autumn and winter of each year, people gather the newly blooming flower heads of Chrysanthemum indicum, remove their impurities, dry them in the sun, and make them into Chinese herbs.
Ye Ju Hua contains yejuhualactone, chrysanthemol, chrysanthetriol, chrysanthenone, cis-spiroenol ether, trans-spiroenol ether, arteglasin, linarin, luteolin, acacetin, chlorogenic acid, palmitic acid, sitosterol, daucosterol, amino acids, purines, choline, stachydrine, tannin, vitamins, chlorophyll, polysaccharides, proteins, and various inorganic elements.
According to <Compendium of Materia Medica>, the medicinal properties of Ye Ju Hua is slightly cold, with a bitter and pungent taste. It has a certain therapeutic effect on the pathological changes of the liver and heart meridians.
In Chinese medicine, Ye Ju Hua is often used to clear heat and remove toxin, dispel wind and heat, treat wind-heat, pneumonia, tuberculosis, hypertension, aphtha, chronic prostatitis, eczema, rubella, erysipelas and a variety of bacterial infectious diseases.
There are about 100 kinds of Chinese medicine prescriptions containing Ye Ju Hua, such as Gan Mao Ling, Compound Yigan Pills, and Bi Yan Pian.
The efficacy of Ye Ju Hua is similar to that of Ju Hua (Flos Chrysanthemi), so they can be used alternatively. Generally, Ju Hua (Flos Chrysanthemi) is mostly used to dispel wind and heat, and Ye Ju Hua is mostly used to remove heat toxins.
Health benefits of Ye Ju Hua
- Anti-inflammation, anti-fungus, and anti-oxidation.
- Enhancing the phagocytic capacity of mononuclear macrophages and regulating immunity.
- Inhibiting the growth of leukemia L1210 cells, human gastric cancer 803 cells, and human cervical cancer Hella cells.
- Reducing the damage of CCL4 to liver tissue and protecting the liver.
- Dilating the coronary artery, increasing coronary flow, reducing myocardial oxygen consumption and heart rate.
- Lowering blood pressure and lipids, improving insomnia, relieving distending pain in the head.
- Inhibiting platelet aggregation and depolymerization, preventing atherosclerosis and thrombosis.
- Removing heat toxins, relieving skin swelling and pain, and treating furuncles, carbuncles, and erysipelas caused by heat toxins.
- Dispelling wind and heat, relieving eye redness and swelling pain caused by wind-heat.
- Purging liver fire and treating headache and dizziness caused by the up-flaming of liver fire.
- The topical application of its decoction can relieve itching and treat eczema, acne, and rubella.
- Inhibiting Staphylococcus aureus, diphtheria bacillus, typhoid bacillus, Escherichia coli, Proteus, dysentery bacilli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Shigella flexneri.
Ye Ju Hua is used with other Chinese herbs
- It with Jue Ming Zi (Cassia Seed) can treat headaches and dizziness caused by the up-flaming of liver fire.
- It with Jin Yin Hua (Flos Lonicerae), Yu Xing Cao (Houttuynia Cordata), Chai Hu (Radix Bupleuri), and Bo He (Mentha) can treat upper respiratory tract infections in children.
- It with Guan Zhong (Dryopteris), Tu Fu Ling (Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae), and Mu Dan Pi (Cortex Moutan) can treat hepatitis B.
- It with Jin Yin Hua (Flos Lonicerae), Mi Meng Hua ( Flos Buddlejae), and Xia Ku Cao (Spica Prunellae) can treat the swelling and pain of the eyes caused by wind-heat.
- It with Pu Gong Ying (Taraxacum), Zi Hua Di Ding (Viola Yedoensis), and Jin Yin Hua (Flos Lonicerae) can treat furuncles, carbuncles, and erysipelas caused by heat toxins.
Side effects of Ye Ju Hua
Ye Ju Hua has been used clinically for many years, with few side effects.
A small proportion of patients taking it may cause gastrointestinal reactions such as stomach discomfort, loss of appetite, borborygmus, or loose stools.
A small proportion of patients may cause mild diarrhea due to intramuscular injection of Ye Ju Hua injection.
Precautions of Ye Ju Hua
- The dosage of Ye Ju Hua should be controlled between 10-15g.
- It can be made into an oral decoction or be used to soak and wash the affected part.
- People with qi deficiency or deficiency-cold in spleen and stomach should not take it.
- People with anorexia or loose stools should not take it.
- Pregnant women and children should not take it.